Canadian Landmarks Unearthed

There is a vast geometric network of lines and markers that make up the surveyed landscape of Canada. These markers are deeply embedded in our heritage and way of life. The Canada Science and Technology Museum houses 137 historic survey markers known as the Canadian Landmarks Collection. Some are monuments, some are common markers. They come from across Canada, and from different periods in Canada's history from 1762 to 1973. They are made of several varieties of stone, wood and metal, and carry revealing markings and inscriptions. 

In this series of exhibits we explore the history of these markers through the original surveyors who posted them, survey plans, survey instruments, fieldbooks, historic images, geographic connections, local context, later collectors of the markers, and of course, careful examination of the artifacts.

We have researched, curated and shared our information using traditional and digital tools. The Landmark Collection data in this site was drawn from the Open Data portal at the Canada Science and Technology Museums Corporation.

"Canadian Landmarks Unearthed" was built thanks to help and guidance from Nancy Lemay (Digital Humanities Librarian) and Sarah Simpkin (GIS and Geography Librarian) at the University of Ottawa Libraries.

HIS4135C Seminar Students - Lilia Lockwood, Meredith Watkins, Jessica Ozorak, Emilija Pruden, Carine Trazo, James Knott

Prof. David Pantalony
History Department UOttawa/Canada Science and Technology Museum


Of Monuments and Men

Lilia Lockwood


Canadian Survey Instrument Makers

James Knott, Lilia Lockwood and Merideth Watkins


Conflict, Rebellion, and Innovation: The Early Days of Surveying in Western Canada.

James Knott


Golden Boundaries: Klondike Township

Carine Trazo


Lines of Power: Cowichan Valley 

Meredith Watkins


Finding True North with the Solar Compass

Emilija Pruden 

Defending Halifax

Jessica Ozorak


The Case of the Mysterious Gun Barrel

Emilija Pruden 


The Collectors

HIS 4135C Group Entry


Trade In Victorian Canada: The Pocket Compass

Carine Trazo and Jessica Ozorak